Noureddine Aba (1921–1996), playwright and poet.
Ferhat Abbas (1899–1995), political leader and essayist.
Salim Aïssa, pseudonym of Boukella, writer of detective fiction.
Wasini al-A'raj (1954– ), novelist and short story writer.
Malek Alloula (1937– ), poet and critic.
Djamal Amrani (1935–2005), poet and essayist.
Jean Amrouche (1907–1962), poet.[Gikandi]
Marguerite Taos Amrouche (1913–1976), writer and singer.
Leila Aouchal (1937– ), novelist.[Gikandi]
Maya Arriz Tamza (1957– ), storyteller, novelist and playwright.
Fatima Bakhaï (1949– ).
Azouz Begag (1957– ), social scientist and novelist.
Rabah Belamri (1946–1995), poet, short story writer and critic.
Myriam Ben (1928–2001), novelist, poet and activist.
Abdelhamid Ben Hadouga (1928–1996), novelist and short story writer.
Jacqueline Benslimane, poet.
Réda Bensmaia, novelist and critic.
Albert Bensoussan, novelist, translator and academic.
Fatiha Berezak, poet and performer.
Aïcha Bouabaci, poet and short story writer.
Rachid Boudjedra (1941– ), writer and educator.
Nina Bouraoui (1967– ), novelist.
Hocine Bouzaher (1935– ), poet, politician and editor.
Albert Camus (1913–1960), author, philosopher and journalist.
Hélène Cixous (1937–), feminist writer and critic.
Djamila Debeche (1926– ), novelist and essayist.
Jacques Derrida (1930–2004), philosopher.
Mohammed Dib (1920–2003), novelist and poet.
Tahar Djaout (1954–1993), journalist, poet and fiction writer.
Assia Djebar (1936– ), Francophone writer, film-maker and academic.
Frantz Fanon, originally from Martinique (1925–1961), psychiatrist, philosopher and political theorist.
Achour Fenni, poet and academic.
Mouloud Feraoun (1913–1962).
Touati Fettouma (1950– ), Francophone novelist of the Maghreb.
Fatima Gallaire (1944– ), playwright.
Anna Greki, pseudonym of Colette Anna Grégoire (1931–1966), poet.
Malek Haddad (1927–1978), novelist and poet.
Aicha Lemsine (1942– ), novelist.
Mouloud Mammeri (1917–1989), Kabyle writer, anthropologist and linguist.
Latifa Ben Mansour (1950– ), writer and linguist.
Rachid Mimouni (1945–1995), writer, teacher and activist.
Ahlam Mostaghanemi (1953– ), novelist.
Mohammed Ould Cheikh (1905–1938), poet and novelist.
Leila Rezzoug (1956– ), novelist.
Leïla Sebbar (1941– ), novelist.
Jean Sénac (1926–1962), poet.
al-Tāhir Wattar (1936– ), novelist.
Kateb Yacine (1929–1989), novelist and playwright.
Ahmed Zitouni (1949– ), novelist.
José Eduardo Agualusa (1960– ), journalist and writer.
Mário Pinto de Andrade (1928–1990), poet and politician
Arlindo Barbeitos (1940– ), poet
Mendes de Carvalho, writing as Uanhenga Xitu, politician and Africanist writer in Portuguese and Kimbundu.
Lopito Feijóo (1963– ), poet.
António Jacinto (1924–1991), poet and political activist.
Sousa Jamba (1966– ), Anglophone journalist and novelist.
Luis Kandjimbo (1960– ), essayist and critic.
Dia Kassembe (1946– ), Francophone writer and novelist.
Alda Lara (1930–1962), poet.
Reis Luís, or "Mbwanga" (1968–), Portuguese-language novelist.
João Maimona (1955– ), poet and essayist.
Manuel Rui Monteiro (1941–), poet.
Agostinho Neto (1922–1979), poet.[
Ondjaki (1977– ), poet, novelist and dramatist.
Pepetela, pen-name of Artur Carlos Maurício Pestana dos Santos (1941–), writer of fiction.
Oscar Ribas (1909–2004), novelist
Paula Tavares (1952– ), poet.
José Luandino Vieira (1935– ), short-story writer and novelist.
Stanislas Adotevi (1934– ), French-language academic and philosopher.
Adelaide Fassinou, novelist
Berte-Evelyne Agbo, French-language poet also connected with Senegal.
Barbara Akplogan (1984 – ), French-language writer.
Julien Alapini (1906–1971), ethnographer and playwright.
Francis Aupiais (1877–1945), French-born missionary and anthropologist.
Olympe Bhêly-Quenum (1928 – ), writer and journalist.
Jérôme Carlos (1944– ), novelist,poet.
Florent Couao-Zotti (1964), novelist,writer of comics, plays and short stories.
Félix Couchoro (1900–1968), novelist.[Gikandi] [Killam & Rowe]
Moudjib Djinadou (1965– ), novelist.
Paul Hazoumé (1890–19800, novelist.
Gisèle Hountondji (1954– ), French-language novelist.
Paulin J. Hountondji (1942– ), philosopher and politician.
Paulin Joachim (1931– ), poet, journalist and editor.
Barnabé Laye (1941 – ), poet.[Gikandi]
Hortense Mayaba, French-language novelist and children's writer.
José Pliva (1966– ), actor and playwright.
Jean Pliya (1931– ), playwright and short story writer.
Alidjanatou Saliou-Arekpa, French-language novelist.
Arnold Sènou, French-language novelist.
Galesiti Baruti, novelist and academic.
Unity Dow (born 1959), judge, human rights activist and writer.
Bessie Head (1937—1986), novelist and short-story writer born in South Africa.
Leetile Disang Raditladi (1910–1971), playwright and poet.
Barolong Seboni (born 1957), poet and academic.
5. Burkina Faso
5. Burkina Faso
Angèle Bassolé-Ouédraogo (1967– ), French-language poet.
François Djobi Bassolet (d. 2001), journalist, historian, and cultural leader.
Jacques Prosper Bazié (born 1955), poet.
Nazi Boni (1909–1969), politician and writer.
Sarah Bouyain (1968–), writer and film director
Simporé Simone Compaore (born c. 1956), French-language playwright.
Augustin-Sondé Coulibaly (1933–), French-language novelist, poet and critic.
Bernadette Sanou Dao (1952–), politician, poet and children's writer.
D. Jean Pierre Guingané (1947– ), playwright, actor and director.
Zarra Guiro (1957–), French-language autobiographical writer.
Ignace Ansomwin Hien (1952–), novelist, poet and storywriter.
Monique Ilboudo, politician & writer.
Pierre Claver Ilboudo (born 1948), French-language novelist.
Sophie Heidi Kam (1968–), French-language poet, playwright and novelist.
Sandra Pierrette Kanzié, French-language poet.
Joseph Ki-Zerbo (1922–2006), politician and writer.
Amadou Koné (1953– ), novelist, playwright and short story writer.
Gaël Koné (1976–), French-language poet.
Honorine Mare (1972–), French-language poet and academic.
Roger Nikiéma (c.1935– ), French-language journalist, novelist and poet.
Suzy Henique Nikiéma (1983–). French-language novelist.
Kollin Noaga, pseudonym of Ernest Nongma Ouedraogo, politician, novelist and playwright.
Dim-Dolobsom Ouedraogo (1897–1940), intellectual.
Titinga Frédéric Pacéré (1943–), museum curator and French-language writer.
Adiza Sanoussi, French-language novelist.
Etienne Sawadogo, French-language novelist.
Marie-Simone Séri (born 1954), French-language autobiographical writer also connected with
Jean-Baptiste Somé, novelist.
Malidoma Patrice Somé (1956–), writer about religion.
Maxime Z. Somé (1959– ), academic, politician and novelist.
Norbert Zongo (1949–1988), journalist and novelist.
Esther Kamatari (1951–1960)
Severin Cecile Abega (1955–2008), French-language fiction writer and anthropologist, author of Les Bimanes, Le Bourreau and Entre Terre et Ciel.
Marie-Therese Assiga Ahanda, chemist and novelist.
Paul-Charles Atangana (1930– ), French-language poet.
Philomène Bassek (1957– ), French-language novelist, author of La Tache de Sang.
Francis Bebey (1929–2001), author of Les Trois Petits Cireurs, Agatha Moudio'son, The Ashanti Doll, Enfant Pluie and Ministre et le Griot.
Bate Besong (1954– ), poet.
Mongo Beti (pseudonym of Alexandre Biyidi Awala) (1932–2001), novelist writing in French.
Calixthe Beyala (1961– ), novelist writing in French.
Jacques Bonjawo (1960– ), software engineer and columnist.
Bole Butake (1947– ), playwright.
Fernando d'Almeida (1955– ), journalist and poet.
Paul Dakeyo (1948– ), poet.
Mbella Sonne Dipoko (1936– ), English-language novelist, poet and painter.
Gaston-Paul Effa (1965– ), novelist.
Jean Marc Ela (1936– ), African liberation theologian, author of African Cry and My Faith as an African
Samuel-Martin Eno Belinga (1935– ), poet, geologist and civil servant.
Professor Ndumbe Eyoh (1949–2006), playwright.
Alexis Maxime Feyou de Happy, French-language playwright, author of Conscience Ouverte (1974), Dithy (2002), Fairy Tales from Propagamar (2006), Victus Libri/Classic African Art (2008), Les Mezzotiniales (2009), Bodanou le Petit Oiseau Rouge (2010), and La Septieme Colonne/L'Ombre de Meridor (2010).
Joseph Feyou de Happy (1921– ), French-language politician and historian, author of L'esprit des lois grassfields.
Patrice Kayo (1942– ), poet, short story writer and oral storyteller.
Yodi Karone (1954– ), novelist.
Werewere Liking (1950– ), novelist also associated with Côte d’Ivoire.
Jeanne Ngo Mai (1933– ), French-language poet.
Claude-Joseph M'Bafou-Zetebeg (1948– ), French-language poet.
Achille Mbembe (1957– ), political philosopher.
Rémy Sylvestre Medou Mvomo (1938– ), novelist and playwright.
Evelyne Mpoudi Ngole (1953–), French-language novelist, author of Sous La Cendre Le Feu and Petit Jo, Enfant Des Rues.
Engelbert Mveng (1930– ), French-language poet, author of Balafon.
Bill F. NDI (1964– ), English-language poet and playwright, author of K'cracy, Trees in the Storm and Other Poems, Mishaps and Other Poems, Toils and Travails, and Gods in the Ivory Towers.
Bernard Nanga (1934–1985), French-language novelist, author of Les Chauve-Souris.
David Ndachi Tagne (1958– ), novelist and journalist.
Patrice Nganang (1970- ), novelist.
Charles Ngandé, French-language poet.
Simon Njami (1962– ), novelist.
Jean-Jacques Nkollo (1962– ), novelist.
Etienne B. Noume, pen-name of Etienne NKepndep (1944–1970), French-language poet.
Jean-Paul-Nyunaï (1932– ), French-language poet.
Joseph Owono (1921–1981), novelist and diplomat.
Ferdinand Oyono (1929– ), novelist.[
Guillaume Oyono-Mbia (1939– ), playwright writing in English and French, author of Trois Pretendants un mari.[
René Philombe, pseudonym of Philippe-Louis Ombede (1930–2001), novelist and editor.
Francois Sengat-Kuo (1931– ), French-language poet, author of Fleurs de Laterite, Heures rouges, and Collier de Cauris.
Elolongué Epanya Yondo (1930– ), poet in French and Duala.
Delphine Zanga Tsogo (1935– ), feminist and writer.
8. Cape Verde
8. Cape Verde
Amílcar Cabral (1921–1973)
Baltasar Lopes da Silva (1907–1989)
Eugénio Tavares (1867–1930)
Germano Almeida (1945- )
Henrique Teixeira de Sousa
Ivone Ramos: (1926- )
João Cleófas Martins (1901–1970)
Manuel Lopes (1907–2005)
Manuel de Novas (1938- )
Orlanda Amarilis (1924 – )
PJ Coble (1960- )American of Cape Verdian descent
Yolanda Morazzo (1928- )
Sergio Frusoni (1901–1975)
Viriato de Barros
9. Central African Republic
9. Central African Republic
Pierre Makombo Bamboté (1932– ), novelist and poet.
Etienne Goyémidé (1942– ), novelist, poet and short story writer: Le Silence de la Foret.
Blaise N'Djehoya (1953– ), novelist.
Cyriaque Robert Yavoucko (1953– ), novelist.
Marie-Christine Koundja (1957– ), novelist and diplomat.
Koulsy Lamko (1959– ), playwright, poet, novelist and university lecturer.
Joseph Brahim Seid (1927–1980), writer and politician.
Ali Abdel-Rhamane Haggar (1960– ), economist and writer.
Ahmat Taboye, literary critic.
Khayar Oumar Defallah (c.1944– ), politician and autobiographical writer.
11, Congo (Brazzaville
11, Congo (Brazzaville
Adèle Caby-Livannah (1957– )
Emmanuel Dongala (1941– )
Mambou Aimée Gnali
Sony Lab'ou Tansi (1947–1995), born in Congo-Kinshasa
Henri Lopes (1937– ), born in Congo-Kinshasa
Alain Mabanckou (1966– )
Victor N'Gembo-Mouanda (1969– )
Tchicaya U Tam'si (1931–1988)
Jean-Baptiste Tati-Loutard (1938–2009)
Jeannette Balou Tchichelle (1947– )
12. DRC (Kinshasa)
12. DRC (Kinshasa) Formerly known as Zaire
Léonie Abo, (1945– ), autobiographical writer.
J’ongungu Lokolé Bolamba (1913–1990), poet.[
Raïs Neza Boneza (1979– ), poet and peace researcher.
Amba Bongo, writer and advocate for refugees.
Lima-Baleka Bosekilolo, poet.
Charles Djungu-Simba Kamatenda (1953– ), journalist, teacher, publisher, and writer.
Philibert Edme, writer
Buabua wa Kayembe Mubadiate (1950– ), playwright.
Christine Kalonji, French-language fiction writer
Kama Sywor Kamanda (1952– ), writer and poet.
Maguy Kabamba (1960– ), writer and translator.
Paul Lomami-Tshibamba (1914–1985), novelist born in Congo-Brazzaville.
V. Y. Mudimbe (1941– ), philosopher, academic and author.
Ngal Mbwil a Mpaang (1933– ), novelist.
Kavidi Wivine N'Landu, poet.
Clémentine Nzuji (1944– ), poet.
Sony Labou Tansi (1947–1995), novelist and poet.
Kabika Tshilolo, French-language writer.
Frederick Kambemba Yamusangie, novelist, playwright and poet.
Lye M. Yoka, playwright and short story writer.
Batukezanga Zamenka (1933–2000), novelist and essayist
13. Cote D'Ivoire
13. Cote D'Ivoire
Marguerite Abouet, born in Abidjan (1971– ), writer of graphic novels.
Angèle Bassolé-Ouédraogo, also connected with Burkina Faso (1967– ), poet and journalist.
Tanella Boni, poet and novelist.
Micheline Coulibaly, born in Vietnam (1950–2003), short story writer and writer for children.
Bernard Binlin Dadié (1916– ), novelist, playwright, poet and politician.[Killam & Rowe]
Henriette Diabate (1935- ), politician and writer.
Richard Dogbeh, also connected with Benin, Senegal and Togo (1932–2003), novelist and educator.
Werewere-Liking Gnepo, also connected with Cameroon (1950– ), writer, playwright and performer.
Gilbert G. Groud (1956– ), painter, illustrator and author.
Adjoua Flore Kouame (1964– ), novelist.
Ahmadou Kourouma (1927–2003), novelist.[Killam & Rowe]
Lauryn, also connected with Togo and Benin, born in France (1978– )
Véronique Tadjo (1955– ), poet, novelist and artist.
Waberi Abdourahman (1965– ), novelist, poet and academic.
Mouna-Hodan Ahmed (1972– ), French-language novelist.
Ahmed Shawki (1868–1932)
Hafez Ibrahim (1872–1932)
Salama Moussa (1887–1958)
Taha Hussein (1889–1973)
Fekry Pasha Abaza (1896–1979)
Tawfik El Hakim (1898–1987), playwright.
Muhammad Husayn Haykal (1909–1956)
Abo El Seoud El Ebiary (1910–1969)
Naguib Mahfouz, (1911–2006), novelist, short story writer and playwright awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Edmond Jabès (1912–1991)
Tatamkulu Afrika, also connected with South Africa (1920–2002)
Andrée Chedid (1920–2011), poet and novelist.
Mustafa Mahmoud (1921–2009)
Fathy Ghanem (1924–1998), novelist, journalist and editor.
Anis Mansour (1925–2011)
Yusuf Idris (1927–1991)
Alifa Rifaat (1930–1996)
Mohammad Moustafa Haddara (1930–1997)
Samir Amin (1931– )
Nawâl El Saadâwi (1931– ), feminist writer and activist.
Sonallah Ibrahim (1937– )
Abdel Rahman El Abnudi (1938– )
Leila Ahmed (1940– )
Gamal Al-Ghitani (1945– )
Ahdaf Soueif (1950– )
Salama Ahmed Salama, journalist and author.
Muhammad Aladdin, novelist, short story writer and script writer.
Hussein Bassir, archaeologist.
Mona Soliman, novelist and poet.
16. Equatorial Guinea
16. Equatorial Guinea
María Nsué Angüe (1945– ), novelist and writer.
Juan Balboa Boneke (1938– ), politician and writer.
Raquel Ilonbé (1938–1992), Spanish-language writer.
Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel (1966– ), Annobonese writer.
Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo (1950– ), writer and journalist.
Alemseged Tesfai (1944– ), English-language playwright
Reesom Haile (2003- ), Tigrinya-language poet.
Haddis Alemayehu (1910–2003)
Michael Daniel Ambatchew (1967– )
Āfawarq Gabra Iyasus (1868–1947)
Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin (1936–2006)
Nega Mezlekia (1958– )
Sahle Selassie (1936– )
Hama Tuma (1949– )
Jean-Baptiste Abessolo (1932– ), educator and short story writer.
Peggy Lucie Auleley, French-language poet.
Bessora (born in Belgium) (1968– ), novelist and short story writer.
Rene Maran, born near Martinique (1887–1960), poet and novelist.
Chantal Magalie Mbazoo-Kassa, French-language poet and novelist.
Justine Mintsa (1967– ), French-language novelist.
Nadège Noëlle Ango Obiang, French-language short story writer.
Maurice Okoumba-Nkoghe (1954– ), poet and teacher.
Laurent Owondo (1948– ), playwright.
Angèle Ntyugwetondo Rawiri (1954–2010), novelist.
Conton, William (1925– ), educator, historian and novelist also associated with Sierra Leone.
Dibba, Ebou (1943–2000), English-language novelist.
Grey-Johnson, Nana (1951 – ), playwright.
Joof, Alhaji Alieu Ebrima Cham (1924–2011), historian, politician and Pan-Africanist
Peters, Lenrie (1932– ), poet and novelist also associated with Sierra Leone.
Sallah, Tijan M. (1958–), poet.
Ben Hinson,novelist, poet, playwright, director, actor and screenwriter.
Joseph Wilfred Abruquah (1921– ), novelist.
Kobina Eyi Acquah (1952– ), poet.
Ama Ata Aidoo (1940– ), playwright, poet, fiction writer and critic.
Lawrence Darmani (1956– ), novelist, poet, playwright, inspirational writer
Kofi Aidoo (1950– ), short story writer.
Mohammed Naseehu Ali, short story and non-ficton writer.
Kofi Anyidoho (1947– ), poet and academic.
Anthony Appiah (1954– ), philosopher, cultural theorist and novelist.
Ayertey Isaac, Pan-Africanist and AuthorAyi Kwei Armah (1939– ), novelist.
T. Q. Armar (1915–2000 ), publisher and textbook writer.
Raphael Armattoe (1913–1953), poet.
Bediako Asare, journalist and non-fictionwriter also connected with Tanzania
Meshack Asare (1945– ), children's writer.
Yaw Asare (1953–2002), dramatist and director.
Ayesha Harruna Attah, novelist.
Kofi Awoonor (1935– ), poet, novelist and critic.
Mohammed Ben-Abdallah (1944 – ), playwright.
J. Benibengor Blay (1915– ), popular novelist, playwright and poet.
Yaw M. Boateng (1950– ), novelist and playwright.
William Boyd (1952– ), novelist.
Kwesi Brew (1928– ), poet.
Nana Brew-Hammond, journalist, poet, playwright and screenwriter.
Margaret Busby, publisher and dramatist.
Abena Busia (1953– ), poet and academic.
Akosua Busia (1966– ), actress, novelist and screenwriter.
Jacobus Capitein (1717–1747), minister and writer on slavery.
Adelaide Smith Casely-Hayford (1868–1960), short story writer and educator.
Gladys May Casely-Hayford (1901–1950), poet.
J.E. Casely-Hayford (1866–1930), politician and novelist.
Quobna Ottobah Cugoano (1757?–1801?), freed slave and autobiographer.
J. B. Danquah (1895–1965), scholar, lawyer and politician.
Mabel Danquah (1910–1984), short story writer.
Amma Darko (1956– ), novelist.
Joe de Graft (1924–1978), playwright and poet.
Michael Dei-Anang (1909–1977), poet, playwright and novelist.
Amu Djoleto (1929– ), novelist, poet and educator.
Cameron Duodo (1937– ), journalist, novelist and poet.
Ferdinand Kwasi Fiawoo (1891–1969), playwright.
Albert William Kayper-Mensah (1923– ), poet.
Asare Konadu (1932–1994), novelist.
B. Kojo Laing (1946– ), novelist and poet.
Bill Okyere Marshall (1936– ), playwright and novelist.
Kwame Nkrumah (1909–1972), politician and political theorist.
(John) Atukwei Okai (1941– ), poet.
Martin Owusu (1943– ), playwright.
Frank Kobina Parkes (1932–2005 ), poet.
Nii Ayikwei Parkes (1974– ), poet.
Carl Christian Reindorf (1834–1917), pastor and historian.
Kobina Sekyi (1892–1956), politician and writer.
Francis Selormey (1927–1988), novelist.
Efua Theodora Sutherland (1924–1996 ), playwright.
Asiedu Yirenkyi (1946– ), playwright.
Mary Asabea Ashun (1968 - ), novelist.
Sylvanus Bedzrah, novelist.
Amílcar Cabral (1924–1973), agronomist, writer and politician.
Carlos Semedo, poet.
Amílcar Cabral (1924–1973), agronomist, writer and politician.
Carlos Semedo, poet.
Jared Angira (1947-), poet.
Khadambi Asalache (1934– ), poet and author.
Karen Blixen aka Isak Dinesen (1885–1962), novelist.
Rocha Chimera, Swahili author and critic.
Elspeth Huxley (1907–1997), journalist and autobiographical writer.
Philo Ikonya, poet and human rights activist.
Francis Imbuga (1947- ), director and playwright.
Samuel Kahiga, short story writer and novelist.
Jomo Kenyatta (1892?–1978), politician and writer.
Leonard Kibera (1942–1983). novelist and short story writer.
John Kiriamiti (1950- ), writer of popular fiction.
Muthoni Likimani (1926- ).
Marjorie Oludhe Macgoye (1928– ), novelist, essayist and poet.
Charles Mangua (c.1940– ), fiction writer
Ali A. Mazrui (1933– ), academic and political writer.
Mwana Kupona binti Msham (died c.1865), Swahili poet.
Micere Mugo (1942– ), playwright, academic and poet.
Wahome Mutahi (−2003), satirical journalist.
Joseph Muthee (1928– ), Kikuyu writer.
Meja Mwangi (1948– ), novelist.
Rebecca Nandwa, Swahili children's writer.
Mona L. Nduilu (1976 -)
Stephen N. Ngubiah (1936- ), novelist.
Ngugi wa Mirii (1951– ), playwright.
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (1938– ), English-language and Gikuyu writer.
Rebeka Njau (1932- ), novelist, playwright and poet.
Chacha Nyaigotti-Chacha (1952– ), playwright.
Atieno Odhiambo (1945–2009), academic.
Oginga Odinga (1912–1994), writer, philosopher and politician.
Margaret Ogola (1958- ).
Grace Ogot (1930– ).
Yvonne Adhiambo Owuor (1968- ), winner of the Caine Prize 2003.
Shailja Patel, poet, playwright and activist.
Mwangi Ruheni (born 1934), scientist and popular novelist.
M. G. Vassanji (1950– ), novelist and editor.
Koigi wa Wamwere (1949– ), politician and writer.
Godwin Wachira (1936- ), novelist.
Charity Waciuma (1936– ), novelist.
Wangui Wa Goro, academic and translator.
Corney Gichuki (1968 -), writer of popular children's fiction.
Binyavanga Wainaina (1971– ), winner of the Caine Prize 2002.
Gakaara Wanjau (1921–2001), writer and Kikuyu nationalist.
Kenneth Watene (born 1944), playwright.
Miriam Were (1940– ), public health advocate, academic and novelist.
Thomas Mofolo (1876–1948), Basotho author.
A. S. Mopeli-Paulus (1913–1960), Sethoso and English-language author.
Edwin Barclay (1882–1955), politician and writer.
Edward Wilmot Blyden (1832–1912), born in the Virgin Islands (see also Sierra Leone), educator, writer, diplomat and politician.
Wilton G. S. Sankawulo (1937–2009), politician and author.
Bai T. Moore (1916– ), poet, novelist, folklorist and essayist.
Sadiq Al-Nayhum (1937–1994), Islamic writer, critic and journalist.
FKhalifa al-Fakhri, short story writer.
Ahmad Ibrahim al-Faqih (1942– ), novelist.
Muammar al-Gaddafi (1942–2011 ), politician and occasional novelist.
Ibrahiem El-kouni (1948– ), novelist.
Elie-Charles Abraham (1919– ), poet.
David Jaomanoro (1953– ), poet, short story writer and playwright.
Esther Nirina (1932– ), poet.
Hajasoa Vololona Picard-Ravololonirina (1956– ),, academic, politician and poet.
Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (1903–1937), poet and novelist.
Jacques Rabémanajara (1913– ), poet, playwright and politician.
Raymond William Rabemananjara (1913– ), historian and writer.
Charlotte Arisoa Rafenomanjato (1938– ), writer and translator
Elie Rajaonarison (1951–2010), poet.
Régis Rajemisa-Raolison (1913– ), poet and educator
Jean-Luc Raharimanana (1967– ), French-language writer.
Michèle Rakotoson (1948– ), novelist, short story writer and playwright.
Flavien Ranaivo (1914– ), poet and writer.
Steven Chimombo (1945– ), writer, poet, editor and teacher.
Frank Chipasula (1949– ), writer, editor and academic.
Walije Gondwe (1936- ), "Malawi's first female novelist".
Aubrey Kachingwe (1926– ), novelist and short story writer.
William Kamkwamba (1987– ), inventor and author.
Chris Kamlongera, playwright and University of Malawi academic.
Legson Kayira (1942– ). novelist.
Stanley Onjezani Kenani (1976– ), poet.
Ken Lipenga (1954– ), politician, journalist and writer.
Qabaniso Malewezi (1979- ), spoken word poet.
Ben Wokomaatani Malunga (1962- ), poet and broadcaster.
Jack Mapanje (1944– ), writer and poet.
Felix Mnthali (1933– ), poet, novelist and playwright.
Edison Mpina (1946–2001), poet.
Sam Mpasu (1945- ), novelist and politician
Anthony Nazombe (1955–2004), poet and academic.
D.D.Phiri (Desmond Dudwa Phiri), economist, historian and playwright.
David Rubadiri (1930– ), diplomat, academic and poet.
Paul Tiyambe Zeleza (1955– ), historian, critic and writer.
Ahmad Baba al Massufi (1556–1627), writer and scholar.
Abdoulaye Ascofaré (1949– ), poet and filmmaker.
Ibrahima Aya (1967– )
Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1900 or 1901–1991), historian, theologian, ethnographer, novelist and autobiographer.
Adame Ba Konaré (1947– ), historian and writer.
Seydou Badian Kouyaté (1928– ), novelist and politician.
Massa Makan Diabaté (1938–1988), historian, author and playwright.
Souéloum Diagho, poet.
Aïda Mady Diallo, novelist and director.
Aly Diallo, French-language novelist first published in German translation.
Alpha Mandé Diarra (1954– )
Oumou Diarra (1967– ), born in Yugoslavia.
Doumbi Fakoly (1944– ), non-fiction writer.
Aïcha Fofana (1957–2003), novelist.
Aoua Kéita (1912–1980), independence activist and autobiographer.
Moussa Konaté (1951– ), French-language writer.
Yambo Ouologuem (1940– ), novelist.
Ibrahima Mamadou Ouane (1908– ), writer
Bernadette Sanou Dao (1952– ), author and politician.
Fanta-Taga Tembely (1946– ), French-language novelist.
Aminata Traoré (1942– ), author, politician and political activist.
Falaba Issa Traoré (1930–2003), writer, comedian, playwright and director.
Ahmad ibn al-Amin al-Shinqiti (1872–1913), Arabic-language writer.
Amadou Oumar Bâ (1917– ), poet.
Ibn Razqa (died 1144 AH/1731 AD), poet and scholar.
Moussa Diagana (1946– ), French-language writer.
Moussa Ould Ebnou, French-language novelist.
Mohammed al-Shankiti (1907–1973, Islamic scholar.
Abderrahmane Sissako (1961– ), filmmaker.
Belinda Mohamed (1981- ), Novelist.
Richard Sedley Assonne (1961– ), Francophone journalist and poet.
Thomi Pitot de la Beaujardière (born 1779), Francophone poet.
Lilian Berthelot, poet.
Jean Blaize (1860–1937), Francophone writer.
Marcel Cabon (1912–1972), Francophone novelist.
Charles Castellan (1812–1851), Francophone poet.
Raymond Chasle (1930–1996), Francophone diplomat and poet.
Malcolm de Chazal (1902–1981), writer, painter and visionary.
François Chrestien (1767–1846), Mauritian Creole poet and singer.
Lindsey Collen (1948– ), novelist and activist also associated with South Africa.
Carl de Souza (1949– ), Francophone novelist.
Ananda Devi (1957– ), Francophone novelist and poet.
Maurice Duverge (1849–1891), Francophone poet.
Jacques Edouard (1964– ), Francophone journalist, poet and writer.
Jean Fanchette (1932–1992), Francophone poet and psychoanalyst.
Charles Gueuvin (1834–1905), Francophone poet.
Robert-Edward Hart (1891–1954), francophone poet and novelist.
Stefan Hart De Keating (1971– ), Francophone slam poet.
J. M. G. Le Clézio (1940– ), Francophone writer also associated with France.
Léoville L'Homme (1857–1928), Francophone poet.
Yusuf Kadel (1970– ), Francophone poet and playwright.
Raymonde de Kervern (1899–1973), Francophone poet.
Félicien Mallefille (1813–1868), Francophone novelist and playwright.
Edouard Maunick (1931– ), Francophone poet, writer, and diplomat.
Jean-Georges Prosper (1933– ), poet.
Camille de Rauville (1910– ), Francophone writer.
Pierre Renaud (1921–1976), Francophone poet.
Amal Sewtohul (1971– ), diplomat and writer in French and Mauritian Creole.
Khal Torabully (1956– ), Francophone poet.
Paul-Jean Toulet (1867–1920), Francophone poet and writer in French and Mauritian Creole.
Abhimanyu Unnuth (1937– ), Hindi writer.
Dev Virahsawmy (1942– ), politician and playwright.
Paulina Chiziane (1955– ), Portuguese-language novelist and short-story writer.
Mia Couto (1955– ), novelist and short story writer.
José Craveirinha (1922–2003), Portuguese-language poet.
Luis Bernardo Honwana (1942– ), Portuguese-language short story writer.
Ungulani Ba Ka Khosa (1957– ), Portuguese-language novelist and short-story writer.
Lina Magaia (1940s– ), Portuguese-language novelist and short-story writer
Orlando Marques de Almeida Mendes (1916–1990), Portuguese-language novelist.
Lília Momplé (1935– ), Portuguese-language fiction writer.
Amélia Muge (1952– ), writer and singer.
Glória de Santana (1925– ), poet.
Noémia de Sousa (1926–2003), Portuguese-language poet.
Joseph Diescho (1955– ), novelist.
Dorian Haarhoff (1944– ), poet and academic.
Giselher Werner Hoffmann (1958– ), German-language novelist.
Anoeschka von Meck, journalist and Afrikaans language writer.
Ide Adamou (1951– ), poet and novelist.
Ousmane Amadou (1948– ), poet, novelist, lawyer and journalist.
Djibo Bakary (1922–1998), politician and writer.
Andrée Clair, born and died in France (1916–1982), ethnographer and children's writer.
Mahamadou Halilou Sabbo (1937– ), novelist and playwright.
Boubou Hama (1906–1982), politician and writer.
Hawad (1950– ), poet who advocates Tuareg independence.
Salihu Kwantagora (1929– ), songwriter and poet.
Hélène Kaziende (1967– ), teacher, journalist and short story writer.
Abdoulaye Mamani (1932–1993), poet, novelist and trade unionist.
Ide Oumarou (1937–2002), politician, diplomat and writer.
Oum Ramatou (1970– ), French-language novelist.
Andre Salifou (1942– ), politician, diplomat and academic.
Abimbola Adelakun, novelist.
Chris Abani (born 1966), novelist, playwright and poet.
Chinua Achebe (born 1930), novelist, poet and critic.
Catherine Obianuju Acholonu (born 1951), academic.
Toyin Adewale-Gabriel (born 1969), poet.
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (born 1977), novelist.
Tolu Ajayi (born 1946), poet and writer of fiction.
Uwem Akpan (born 1971), Jesuit priest and writer.
Akilu Aliyu (1918–1998), poet.
Zaynab Alkali (born 1950), novelist, short story writer and academic.
T.M. Aluko (1918–2010), novelist and autobiographer.
Elechi Amadi (born 1934), novelist.
Ifi Amadiume (born 1947), poet, anthropologist and essayist.
Karen King-Aribisala, short story writer, novelist and academic.
Sefi Atta (born 1964), novelist, short story writer and playwright.
Nnorom Azuonye (born 1967), theater director, playwright and poet.
Biyi Bandele (born 1967)
A. Igoni Barrett (born 1979)
Tubal Rabbi Cain (born 1964)
Chin Ce (born 1966)
Chinweizu (born 1943)
John Pepper Clark (born 1935)
Samuel Ajayi Crowther (1809–1891)
Jude Dibia (born 1975)
Michael Echeruo (born 1937)
Amatoritsero (Godwin) Ede
Cyprian Ekwensi (1921–2007)
Buchi Emecheta (born 1944)
E. Nolue Emenanjo
Olaudah Equiano (c. 1745–97)
Rosemary Esehagu (born 1981)
Daniel Olorunfemi Fagunwa (1903–1963)
Obo Aba Hisanjani
Festus Iyayi (born 1947)
Duro Ladipo (1931–1978)
Abimbola Lagunju (born 1960)
Amina Mama (born 1958)
Sebastian Okechukwu Mezu (born 1941)
John Munonye (born 1929)
Uche Nduka (born 1963)
Nkem Nwankwo (1936–2001)
Flora Nwapa (1931–1993)
Onuora Nzekwu (born 1928)
Obo Aba Hisanjani
Obinna Charles Okwelume
Olu Oguibe (born 1964)
Molara Ogundipe (born 1949)
Tanure Ojaide (born 1949)
Gabriel Okara (born 1921)
Christopher Okigbo (1932–1967)
Gabriel Okara (born 1921)
Christopher Okigbo (1932–1967)
Ben Okri (born 1959)
Kole Omotosho (born 1943)
Kola Onadipe (1922–1988)
Nduka Onwuegbute (born 1969)
Ifeoma Onyefulu (born 1959)
Osonye Tess Onwueme (born 1955)
Dennis Osadebay (1911–1995)
Femi Osofisan (born 1946)
Niyi Osundare (born 1947)
Helen Ovbiagele (born 1944)
Ola Rotimi (1938– 2000), novelists, theater director, playwright
Ken Saro-Wiwa (1941–1995)
Mabel Segun (born 1930)
Zulu Sofola (1935–1995)
Wole Soyinka (born 1934), awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Literature
Bode Sowande (born 1948)
Uchechukwu Peter Umezurike
Obiora Udechukwu (born 1946)
Adaora Lily Ulasi (born 1932)
Mamman Jiya Vatsa (1944–1986)
Ken Wiwa (born 1968)
Maggy Correa, French-language autobiographical writer.
Edouard Gasarabwe (1938– ), novelist and folklorist.
Jeannine Herrmann-Grisius, French-language novelist.
Alexis Kagame (1912–1981), priest, scholar, and writer.
Immaculée Ilibagiza (c.1970– ), autobiographical and religious writer
Thérèse Muamini, French-language novelist.
Yolande Mukagasana (1954– ), French-language autobiographical writer.
J. Savério Nayigiziki (1915–1984), educator, translator and writer.
Cyprien Rugumba (1935–1994), scholar, poet and composer.
Benjamin Sehene (1959– ), novelist and non-fiction writer.
Marie-Aimable Umurerwa, French-language autobiographical writer.
Marie Béatrice Umutesi (1959– ), French-language autobiographical writer.
39. São Tomé and Príncipe
39. São Tomé and Príncipe
Olinda Beja (1946– ), novelist.
Sara Pinto Coelho (1913–1990), fiction writer and playwright.
Conceição Lima (1962– ), Portuguese-language poet.
Caetano da Costa Alegre (1864–1890), Portuguese-language poet.
M. Manuela Margarido (1925–2007), Portuguese-language poet.
Alda do Espírito Santo (1926– ), Portuguese-language poet.
Mário Domingues (1899–1977), novelist.
José Francisco Tenreiro (1921–1963), literary critic and poet.
Antoine Abel (1934– ), poet and fable writer.
42. Sierra Leone
42. Sierra Leone
Ishmael Beah (1980– ), child soldier and memoirist.
Edward Wilmot Blyden (1832–1912), born in the Virgin Islands (see also Liberia)
Adelaide Casely-Hayford (1868–1960), short story writer and educator.
Gladys Casely-Hayford (1904–1950), poet also associated with Ghana.
Syl Cheney-Coker (1945/47– ), poet, journalist and novelist.
William Conton (1925– ), educator, historian, and novelist also associated with The Gambia.
R. Sarif Easmon (1913– ), doctor, playwright and novelist.
Aminatta Forna (1964– ), memoirist and novelist.
Africanus Horton (1835–1883), Creole African nationalist writer.
Delia Jarrett-Macauley, academic and novelist.
Lemuel A. Johnson (1940/41–2002), poet and academic.
Yulisa Amadu Maddy (1936– ), playwright, novelist, and choreographer.
Abioseh Nicol (1924–1994), doctor and short story writer.
Lenrie Peters (1932–2009), poet also associated with The Gambia.
1. Abdirashid Hashi Fiqi 2 books
2. Adam Sed Abdi 1 book
3. Afyar Abdi Elmi 1 book
4. Anwar M. Diriye 2 books
5. Abdirazak Jama 1 book
6. Aw-Jama Ali Isse 3 books
7. Abdi Roble 1 books
8. Ahmed Ali Farah "Idaajaa" 1 book
9. Abdihakin A. Irday 4 CD books
10. Aliqeyr Mohamed Nur 1 book
11. Amina Said Ali 1 book
12. Ahmed Sheikh Ali 5 books
13. Abdi Kusow 1 book
14. Adan Ibrahim Aw-Hirso 4 books
15. Ahmed Sheikh Ali "Burale" 5 books in Somali
16. Abdirahman Waberi 7 books
17. Afdhere Jama 2 books
18. Ahmed Ismail Samatar 2 books
19. Adan Said Abdi 1 book
20. Abdullahi Hassan 4 books
21. Adan Ugas Baqow 1 book
22. Ahmed Ismail Mahamud "Ahmed Deeq) 1 book
23. Axmed Nuur Maxamuud Cumar Hindi 2 books
24. Ahmed Abib Hayir 3 books
25. Ahmed Sheikh Ali Burale 1 book
1. Ambassador Dr. Badal W. Kariye 9 books
1. Abdiasis Hassan Yaqub 5 books
2. Sheikh Abdikdir Abdille Dini 1 book
1. Farah Mohamed Jama Awil 2 book
2. Fawzia Yusuf X.Adan 5 books
1. Hassan Abdi Madar 1 book
2. Hassan Sheikh Mumin 3 books
3. Hassan C. Madar 9 books
1. Aw-Jama Omar Isse 7 books
2. Jama Muse 1 book
1. Khalif Ashkir 5 books
2. Khalif Ali Gul-Warsame 1 book
1. Mohamud Ugas Mohamud 1 book
2. Mohamud Korshel 1 book
3. Prof. Mohamud Mo'allim Ali (Tuuryare) 4 books
4. Muse Dalmar 1 book
5. Mohamed Farah Abdi "Duurgal" 1 book
6. Mohamed Dirie Abdullahi 3 books
7. Mohamed Osman Omar 6 books
8. Mohamed Isse Barre 2 books
9. Mohamed Ibrahim Shire 1 book
10. Muse Dalmar 1 book
11. Mukhtar Abdi Sheikh "Balshaawi" 1 book
12. Mohamud Mohamed Sheikh 1 book
13. Dr. Mohamed Hadi Ahmed 1 book
14. Mohamed Dahir Afrah 2 books
1. Dr. Nuradin Farah 11 books
2. Nadifo Mohamed 1book
1. Dr. Qasim Hirsi Farah book 1
1. Rageh Omar 2 books
1. Said Salah 6 books
2. Sadiq Enow 1 book
3. Said Osman Kendid 1 book
4. Prof. Said Sheikh Samatar 1 book
5. Prof. Said Sheikh Samatar 5 books
6. Said Osman Kendiid 5 books
7. Samatar Sooyaan 1 book
8. Yasin Mahi Mallin 7 books
9. Sayid-Ahmed M. Yusuf 1 book
10. Shire Jama Ahmed 3 books
1. Wasir Dirie 1 book
1. Yasmin Mohamud 1 book
44, South Africa
44. South Africa
Lionel Abrahams, (1928–2004)
Peter Abrahams, (born 1919)
Rehane Abrahams, (born 1970)
Tatamkulu Afrika, born in Egypt, (1920–2002)
Hennie Aucamp, (born 1934)
Christiaan Bakkes, (born 1965)
C. Johan Bakkes
Margaret Bakkes, (born 1931)
Shabbir Banoobhai, (born 1949)
Lady Anne Barnard, (1750–1825)
Lesley Beake, (born 1949)
Mark Behr, South Africa/Tanzania, (born 1963)
Dricky Beukes, (1918–1999)
Lauren Beukes, (Born 1976)
Steve Biko (1946–1977)
Troy Blacklaws, (born 1965)
François Bloemhof, (born 1962)
Elleke Boehmer (born 1961)
Herman Charles Bosman, (1905–1951)
Diphete Bopape (born 1957)
Alba Bouwer, (born 1920)
Johanna Brandt, (1876–1964)
Breyten Breytenbach, (born 1939)
Andre Brink, (born 1935)
Dennis Brutus, (1924–2009)
Guy Butler (1918–2001)
Roy Campbell (1901–1957)
Stuart Cloete, (1897–1976)
J.M. Coetzee, awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature, (born 1940)
Bryce Courtenay, (born 1933)
Jeremy Cronin, (born 1949)
Patrick Cullinan, (born 1932)
Achmat Dangor, (born 1948)
Ingrid de Kok, (born 1951)
Rolfes Robert Reginald Dhlomo, (1901–1971)
Finuala Dowling, (born 1962)
K. Sello Duiker, (1974–2005)
Ahmed Essop, born in India, grew up in Johannesburg (born 1931)
Tony Eprile, born Johannesburg, lives in U.S.
Elisabeth Eybers, (born 1915)
Mary Faulkner, (1903–1973)
Ruth First, (1925–1982)
Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, (1862–1931)
Charles J. Fourie, (born 1965)
Dave Freer, (born 1959)
Athol Fugard, (born 1932)
Sheila Fugard, born in England (born 1932)
Damon Galgut, (born 1963)
Nadine Gordimer, awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature, (born 1923)
Stephen Gray, (born 1941)
Michael Cawood Green, (born 1954)
Mafika Gwala, (born 1946)
Joan Hambidge, (born 1956)
Bessie Head, born in South Africa but usually seen as a Botswanan writer, (1937–1986)
Manu Herbstein, (born 1936)
Christopher Hope, (born 1944)
Emma Huismans, (born 1947)
Robin Hyde, born in South Africa but usually seen as a New Zealand writer, (1906–1939)
Mhlobo Jadezweni, (born 1954)
Ingrid Jonker, (1933–1965)
Archibald Campbell Jordan, (1906–1968)
Elsa Joubert, (born 1922)
Gideon Joubert, (born 1923)
John Christoffel Kannemeyer (1939-2011)
Farida Karodia (born 1942)
Anne Kellas also connected with Australia (born 1951)
Antjie Krog (born 1952)
Mazisi Kunene (1930–2006)
Richard Kunzmann (born 1976)
Ellen Kuzwayo (1914–2006)
Alex La Guma (1925–1985)
Anne Landsman (born 1959)
Mandla Langa (born 1950)
C.J. Langenhoven (1873–1932)
Etienne Leroux (1922–1989)
Graham Michael Lesch (1936–2007)
Douglas Livingstone, born in Malaysia (1932–1996)
Al Lovejoy (born 1963)
Rozena Maart, (born 1962)
Sindiwe Magona, (born 1943)
Arthur Maimane, (1932–2005 )
Angela Makholwa, (Born 1976)
Rian Malan, (born 1954)
Nelson Mandela, (born 1918)
Chris Mann, (born 1949)
Eugène Marais, (1871–1936)
John Mateer, also connected with Australia, (born 1971)
Mark Mathabane, (born 1981)
Dalene Matthee, (1938–2005)
Todd Matshikiza, (1921–1968)
Don Mattera, (born 1935)
James McClure, (1939–2006)
Michelle McGrane, born in Zimbabwe, (born 1974)
Zakes Mda, (born 1948)
John van Melle, born in the Netherlands, (1887–1953)
Deon Meyer, (born 1951)
Niq Mhlongo (born 1973)
Gcina Mhlophe, (born 1959)
Bloke Modisane, (1924–1986)
Casey Motsisi, (1932–1977)
Phaswane Mpe, (1970–2004)
Es'kia (Ezekiel) Mphahlele, (1919–2008 )
Samuel E.K. Mqhayi, (1875–1945)
Oswald Mtshali, (born 1940)Ena Murray, (born 1936)
Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa, (born 1921)
Njabulo Ndebele, (born 1948)
Christopher Robert Nicholson, (born 1945)
Lewis Nkosi, (born 1936)
Arthur Nortje, (1942–1970)
Sibusiso Nyembezi, (1919–2000)
Joy Packer, (1905–1977)
Alan Paton, (1903–1988)
Sol T. Plaatje, (1876–1932)
Sir Laurens van der Post, (1906–1996)
Jan Rabie, (1920–2001)
Richard Rive, (1931–1989)
Dan Roodt, (born 1957)
Daphne Rooke, (1914–2009)
Henrietta Rose-Innes, (born 1971)
Eric Rosenthal, (1905–?)
Mary Sadler, (born 1941)
Riana Scheepers, (born 1957)
Karel Schoeman, (born 1939)
Alan Scholefield, (born 1931)
Patricia Schonstein, (born 1952)
Olive Schreiner, (1855–1920)
Sipho Sepamla, (1932–2007 )
Mongane Wally Serote, (born 1944)
Gillian Slovo, (born 1952)
Adam Small, (born 1936)
Russell Smith, born South Africa, raised and lives in Canada, (born 1963)
Wilbur Smith, (born 1932)
Sylvester Stein, (born 1920)
Jonny Steinberg, (born 1970)
Barry Streek, (1948–2006 )
Mary Phillips, (born 1905)
Can Themba, (1924–1969)
Miriam Tlali, (born 1933)
J.R.R. Tolkien, born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State (now South Africa); raised and lived in England (1892–1973)
Benedict Vilakazi, (1906–1947)
Lettie Viljoen, (born 1948)
A.G. Visser, (1878–1929)
Ivan Vladislavic, (born 1957)
John van de Ruit, (born 1975)
Etienne van Heerden, (born 1956)
Marlene van Niekerk, (born 1954)
Charles van Onselen
Christopher van Wyk, (born 1957)
F.A. Venter, (1916–1997)
Nicolaas Vergunst, (born 1958)
Gert Vlok Nel, (born 1963)
Alf Wannenburgh (born 1936)
Zukiswa Wanner (born 1976)
Lyall Watson, (1939–2008)
Stephen Watson, (born 1955)
Zoe Wicomb, (born 1948)
Rachel Zadok, London-based, (born 1972)
Rose Zwi, born in Mexico, (born 1928)
45. Sudan North
45. Sudan North
Muhsin Khalid (1973 -)
Leila Aboulela (1964 - )
Ra'ouf Mus'ad, also connected with Egypt (1937 - )
Malkat Ed-Dar Mohamed (1920 - 1969), also short stories writer
Tayeb Salih (1929 - 2009)
Mahjoub Omer Bashary, (1925 - 2008) Translator, writer and journalist.
Al-ssadiq Al-raddi (1969 - )
Abed Elrahim Abu Zakrra (1943 - 1989)
Gely Abdel Rahman(Gaili) (1933 - 1990)
Ibrahim 'Ali Salman (1937 - 1995)
Mohammed Abed Elhai, (1944 - 1989)
Mohammed Moftahh Elfitory, also connected to Libya
Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub (1908 - 1976)
Salah Ahmed Ibrahim (1933 - 1993) also short stories writer and translator
Taban Lo Liyong (1939 - ), also connected to Uganda, Kenya
Short Story Authors
Ali EL-Maak (1937-1992), also translator and poet
Bushra Elfadil (1952-) also poet
Abdel Khaliq Mahjub (-1971)
Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim(1933-)
Muhammad Ibrahim Nugud
Sadiq al-Mahdi (1936-)
Islamic Reformist Authors
Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im
Mahmoud Mohamed Taha
Modison Salayedvwa Magagula (1958– ), playwright.
Stanley Musa N. Matsebula (1958), economist and writer.
Elias Adam Bateng Mkhonta (1954–2001), novelist.
Sarah Mkhonza (1957– ), novelist, short story writer and journalist.
Gladys Lomafu Pato, short story writer.
Agoro Anduru (1948–1992), short story write
Prof. Joseph Mbele. Novelist, poet and scholar
Mark Behr (1963– ), fiction writer also connected with South Africa.
Chachage Seithy Chachage (–2006), sociologist and Swahili novelist.
Abdulrazak Gurnah (1948–), novelist and critic.
Ebrahim N. Hussein (1943–), playwright, essayist, poet and translator.
Euphrase Kezilahabi (1944– ), novelist, poet and scholar.
Jacqueline Kibacha, poet
Aniceti Kitereza (1896–1981), novelist.
Amandina Lihamba (1944– ), playwright.
Ismael R. Mbise, novelist and academic.
Penina Mlama, playwright.
Sandra A. Mushi, poet.
Elvis Musiba ( –2010), businessman and Swahili novelist.
Godfrey Mwakikagile, writer and specialist in African studies.
Ras Nas, musician and poet.
Julius Nyerere (1922–1999), politician and writer.
Peter Palangyo (1939–1993), novelist.
Prince Kagwema (1931–), novelist.
Hammie Rajab, Swahili novelist.
Shaaban Robert (1909–1962), Swahili novelist and poet.
Gabriel Ruhumbika (1938–), novelist and short story writer.
Edwin Semzaba, novelist, playwright, actor and director.
Robert Bin Shaaban (1902–1962), poet, author and essayist.
Shafi Adam Shafi, Swahili novelist.
Neema Komba, Poet.
Gad Ami (1958– ), French-language novelist.
David Ananou (1917–2000), novelist.
Félix Couchoro (1900–1968), novelist, also connected with Benin.
Richard Dogbeh, also connected with Benin, Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire (1932–2003), novelist and educator.
Kossi Efoui (1962–), playwright.
Emilie Anifranie Ehah, also connected with Senegal.
Christiane Akoua Ekue (1954–), French-language novelist.
Koffi Gomez (1941–), novelist and playwright.
Alemdjrodo Kangni (1966–), playwright.
Kodjo Adabra (1974–), novelist and academic.
Tété-Michel Kpomassie (1941–), explorer and writer.
Pyabelo Chaold Kouly (1943–), autobiographical writer and novelist.
Senouvo Agbota Zinsou (1946–), playwright and short story writer.
Yves-Emmanuel Dogbé (1939–), novelist, fable writer, poet and essayist.
Jeannette D. Ahonsou (1954– ), novelist.
Mahmoud Aslan (1902–?).
Hachemi Baccouche (1916–2008), novelist and essayist.
Tahar Bekri (1951–), poet in French and Arabic.
Rafik Ben Salah (1948–), novelist.
Claude Bénady (1922–), poet.
Slaheddine Bhiri (1947–), novelist and poet.
Robert Blum (1901–), French-language writer.
Hédi Bouraoui (1932– ), poet, novelist and academic.
Anis Debeche (1984–), zoologist, novelist and academic.
Hafedh Djedidi (1953–), poet and novelist.
'Ali al-Du'aji (1909–1949), novelist.
Aboul-Qacem Echebbi (1909–1934), poet.
Salah Garmadi (1933–1982), linguist and poet.
Moncef Ghachem (1946–), poet.
Sophie el Goulli (1932–), novelist and art historian.
Gisèle Halimi (1927– ), lawyer, feminist activist and essayist.
Muhammad Rachad Hamzaoui (1934–), short story writer, playwright and novelist.
Muhammad al-Mukhtar Jannat (1930–), novelist and short story writer.
Ibn Khaldoun (1332–1406), polymath.
Bashir Khrayyef (1917–1983), writer and teacher.
Muhyi al-Din Khrayyif (1932–), poet.
'Izz al-Dīn al-Madanī (1938– ), playwright and short story writer.
Mahmud al-Mis'adi (1911–), novelist and playwright.
Abdelwahab Meddeb (1946–), novelist and poet.
Fawzi Mellah (1946–), playwright and novelist.
Albert Memmi (1920– ), sociologist, novelist and essayist.
Mohamed Moncef Metoui (1943– ), playwright, director and novelist.
Chams Nadir (1949– ), novelist and short story writer.
Ryvel, the pseudonym of Raphael Levy (1898–1972), writer and journalist.
Youssef Rzouga (1957– ), poet.
Amina Saïd (1953– ), poet.
Walid Soliman (1975– ), writer, essayist and translator.
Ahmad al-Tifashi (?–1253), poet, writer and anthologist.
Mustapha Tlili (1937– ), novelist and academic.
Monica Arac de Nyeko (1979– ), short story writer, poet and essayist.
Doreen Baingana, short story writer.
Austin Bukenya (1944- ), poet, literary theorist, actor and playwright.
Moses Isegawa (1963– ), novelist.
Catherine Samali Kavuma (1960– ), novelist.
China Keitetsi (1967– ), autobiographical writer,
Barbara Kimenye (1929- ), children's writer.
Henry Kyemba (1939– ), politician and writer.
Bonnie Lubega (1929- ), novelist, children's writer and lexicographer.
Lubwa p'Chong (1946–1997), playwright.
Jane Musoke-Nteyafas (c.1976 – ), poet and writer.
Mahmood Mamdani (1933– ), academic and political writer.
John Nagenda (1938– ), writer and presidential adviser.
Glaydha Namukasa, novelist.
Peter Nazareth (1940– ), novelist, playwright, poet and critic.
Rajat Neogy (1938–1995), writer and editor.
Richard Carl Ntiru (1946 ), poet.
Michael B. Nsimbi (1910–1994), Luganda writer.
Julius Ocwinyo (1961– ), editor, poet and novelist.
Okello Oculi (1942– ), novelist, poet and academic.
Okot p'Bitek (1931–1982), poet.
Eneriko Seruma (1944- ), poet, novelist and short story writer.
Robert Serumaga (1939–1980), playwright, director and novelist.
Taban Lo Liyong (1939-), Sudan-born poet and critic.
Bahadur Tejani (1942-), Kenyan-born poet, dramatist and literary critic.
Timothy Wangusa (1942–).
Elvania Namukwaya Zirimu (1938–1979).
Pio Zirimu (died 1977), liguist and literary theorist.
52. Western Sahara
52. Western Sahara
Mohamed Fadel Ismail Ould Es-Sweyih (1958–2002), journalist and politician.
Ahmed Baba Miské, writer, diplomat and politician.
Kenneth Kaunda (1924–), nationalist and writer.
Chibamba Kanyama, journalist and business writer.
Andreya Sylvester Masiye (1922–), diplomat and novelist.
Dominic Mulaisho (1933–), novelist.
Charles Mwewa, poet and non-fiction writer.
Keith Nalumango (1952–), novelist and former head of programming at the Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation.
Princess Zindaba Nyirenda, novelist.
Binwell Sinyangwe (1956–)
N. H. Brettell (1908–1991), poet.
Patrick Chakaipa (1932–2003). novelist.
Paul Chidyausiku (1929–), preacher and writer.
Bernard Chidzero (1927–2002), economist and novelist.
Samuel Chimsoro (1949–), novelist and poet.
Shimmer Chinodya (1957–), poet, short story writer, novelist, and textbook writer.
Edmund Chipamaunga (1938–), novelist.
Raymond Choto (1962–), journalist and novelist.
A. S. Cripps (1869–1952), priest, short story writer and poet.
Tsitsi Dangarembga (1959–), novelist.
John Eppel (1947– ), novelist, poet and short story writer.
Chenjerai Hove (1956–), novelist, poet, critic and editor.
Adin Kachisi, science fiction writer and poet.
Wilson Katiyo (1947/49– ), novelist.
Giles Kuimba (1936– ), novelist.
Doris Lessing, born in Persia (now Iran) (1919– ), novelist and short story writer.
Ignatius Tirivangani Mabasa (1971– ), poet and novelist.
Nevanji Madanhire (1961–), novelist and editor of the Zimbabwe Standard.
Wiseman Magwa (1962–), playwright.
John Marangwanda (1923–), Shona novelist.
Dambudzo Marechera (1952–1987), novelist.
Nozipa Maraire (1966–), doctor and writer.
Edmund Masundire (1966– ), novelist.
Timothy O. McLoughlin (1937– ), novelist, poet and editor.
Cont Mhlanga, playwright, actor and theatre director.
S. O. Mlilo (1924–1995), Ndebele novelist.
Aaron Chiwundura Moyo (1959–), novelist and playwright.
George Mujajati (1957–), playwright and novelist.
Charles Mungoshi (1947– ), writer and editor.
Monica Cheru-Mpambawashe (1974-) Writer,editor and poet (kwachirere.blogspot/)
Solomon Mutswairo (1924– ) (see also Zambia), novelist and poet.
Geoffrey Ndhlala (1949– ).
Emmanuel Ngara (1947–), academic.
Mthandazo Ndema Ngwenya (1949–1992), novelist, radio playwright and poet.
Stanley Nyamfukudza (1951–), novelist and short story writer.
Freedom Nyamubaya (1958–), poet.
Kristina Rungano (1963–), the first published woman poet in Zimbabwe.
Stanlake Samkange (1922–1988), historian and novelist.
Ben Sibenke (1945–), playwright.
Ndabezinhle S. Sigogo (1932–2006), novelist and editor.
Ndabaningi Sithole (1922–2000), historian, politician, and novelist.
Alexander McCall Smith, also connected with Botswana (1948– ), lawyer and novelist.
T. K. Tsodzo / Thompson K. Tsodzo (1947– ), novelist.
Lawrence Vambe (1917–).
Yvonne Vera, also connected with Canada (1964–2005), novelist, short story writer and editor.
Andrew Whaley (1958–).
Paul Tiyambe Zeleza (1955–), historian, critic, novelist and short story writer.
Musaemura Zimunya (1949–), poet, critic and short story writer.